Complementary Therapies: A Risk of Rupture with General Medicine? A Qualitative Study About the Personal Health Care Journey of Shiatsu Users in France - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Integrative and Complementary Medicine Année : 2022

Complementary Therapies: A Risk of Rupture with General Medicine? A Qualitative Study About the Personal Health Care Journey of Shiatsu Users in France

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Résumé

Context: In 2014, the World Health Organization launched its second strategic plan on the development of complementary medicine. Shiatsu is one of eight alternative approaches worthy of interest. No study explored its users' health trajectories and the motives and experiences of their use of shiatsu. Aim: To explore motives and experiences of the use of shiatsu and its users' health care trajectories in France. Design and Setting: Qualitative study with shiatsu users. Methods: Semistructured telephone interviews with shiatsu users and audio recordings during shiatsu sessions. Shiatsu users were recruited across France by shiatsu practitioners who had no specific instructions on the profile of users to include. Descriptive then thematic analysis of data, with triangulation, according to a phenomenological approach, using MAXQDA© software. Results: Ten interviews and seven recordings were made to gather sufficient data. The major themes identified were the previous knowledge and representations of shiatsu, the symptoms leading to this use, the ineffectiveness of conventional medicine and the user's health trajectories. Users were looking for an alternative to conventional medicine and often resorted to other complementary medicines. They generally had no prior knowledge of shiatsu. They were advised to try shiatsu by those around them, never by a physician. Their main reasons for having recourse to shiatsu were pain, anxiety, and sleep disorders. Users initially tried conventional medicine. Some sought to modify or reduce their medicine intake. Shiatsu then became a regular practice. Users described derogatory reactions from their general practitioner (GP) to this complementary therapy. Conclusion: This study highlights a fluctuating and ambivalent relationship between complementary medicine and conventional medicine. Shiatsu users' health care trajectories include several phases: trust in conventional medicine then disappointment, rupture and risk taking for their health. To avoid this rupture, GP should be involved in the use of complementary therapies.
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hal-03932002 , version 1 (10-01-2023)

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Anthony Dos Santos, Nouhad Benaziza, Jacques Laurent, Denis Spindler, Yannick Ruelle. Complementary Therapies: A Risk of Rupture with General Medicine? A Qualitative Study About the Personal Health Care Journey of Shiatsu Users in France. Journal of Integrative and Complementary Medicine, 2022, 28 (10), pp.830-838. ⟨10.1089/jicm.2021.0322⟩. ⟨hal-03932002⟩
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